Friday, May 22, 2020

Drug Testing is Not a Violation of Individual Rights Essay

Every day companies lose millions of dollars due to employee drug use. Athletes break world records with gargantuan strength, but not on a fair scale. Drugs ruin the lives of users and cause injury to those who must work with users. Detection by officials is necessary to curb this problem. When does the safety for others violate the rights of drug users? Drug testing, whether in the workplace or on the athletic field, is not a violation of civil rights. In 1988, the National Institute on Drug Abuse estimated that 12 percent of full-time employed Americans between the ages of 20 and 40 used an illicit drug (Goldburg 62). Twenty percent of the 14.5 million Americans who use drugs are employed. This fact has convinced many that†¦show more content†¦Among high school seniors entering the work force, the levels of drug use were even higher; in 1988, 18 percent reported current use of marijuana and three percent use of cocaine (Goldburg 62). Drug use among workers costs companies anywhere from $50 to $100 billion a year in lost man hours, damaged or destroyed equipment and property, increased insurance premiums, legal fees, and lost efficiency (Zigarelli 77). The answer is drug testing. Drug testing is a simple, cost-effective technique for increasing the safety of others. Tested groups have included military personnel . . . state employees (especially those who involved in law enforcement and transportation), high school and collegiate athletes . . . (Levy 158). Drug tests are correct 99 percent of the time (Zigarelli 78). Richard Wornsnop explains the average drug test: In the first stage of testing, a sample of urine is injected into a heated test tube that vaporizes the liquid into its chemical components. Each substance takes a characteristic amount of time to reach the bottom of the tube, affording an opportunity for preliminary analysis. In the second stage, mass spectromy, the compounds emerging from the tube are bombarded by electrons. The resulting molecular debris is then subjected to final analysis and identification. If aShow MoreRelatedDo Drug Tests Violate Employees’ Rights to Privacy?1654 Words   |  7 Pagesto this question Do drugs tests violate employees’ right to privacy?’ The answers are given by the presentation and the analyzing different views evident in literature so as to build an argumentative case against or in support of, lastly drawing the conclusions set. This is made possible concentrating on a scope which considers the ethics existent in normative theories. It means that theories of a higher philosophical calling considering whether the employees violate the right of privacy of theirRead MoreDrug Free is the Way to Be1053 Words   |  4 Pagesor abuse drugs, legal or not, that cause interference within the workplace. According to the Human Resource Manager Eileen Esquer, from Isagenix International, when the use of drugs start to disrupt an employee’s job, they generate expensive health costs and loss of productivity for businesses. A controversial issue in the business industry is with employment drug testing. Companies that organize drug testing will provide safe working conditions. Although, employers who do not conduct drug tests, willRead MoreDrug Testing for School Athletes966 Words   |  4 Pages Drug use in school athletics has become a substantial problem in today’s society. With the rising pressure to succeed and the high level intensity in athletics, it does not come to a surprise that so many student–athletes are giving in to drugs. Many schools that are faced with drug use are turning to mandatory drug tests for student-athletes; however mandatory drug tests are a violation of the Fourth Amendment, the Fifth Amendment and drug testing reverses the legal principle of innocentRead MoreIllicit Drugs Have Become A Big Issue In Today’S Society.1430 Words   |  6 PagesIllicit drugs have become a big issue in today’s society. Many schools feel the need to prevent the increasing use of these illegal and harmful drugs. In order to decrease the number of students who are abusing or just using drugs, many schools have adopted drug testing policies. These drug testing policies vary from school to school; however, they all are testing students involv ed in extracurricular activities such as school clubs, athletics, and even students who own a parking pass. Although theRead MoreDrug Testing For Current And Prospective Employees Essay1649 Words   |  7 Pagesfinal paper I have decided to choose the topic on the very controversial issue of drug testing for current and prospective employees in the workplace. In the textbook we reviewed the opposing opinions of authors Joseph Desjardins and his co-author Ronald Duska and Michael Cranford. The main issue between these writers is whether drug testing invades an individual’s privacy and in what circumstances should drug testing be permissible. I will first review both Desjardins and Cranford’s views on the issueRead MoreAssignment 2 Essay1008 Words   |  5 Pagesprovide a defense for Roche and how a rights-based ethic might instead condemn Roche’s drug trials in China. Which of these two approaches is stronger or more reasonable? Explain the reasons for your an swer. Answer 1: Utilitarianism is as a view that holds that actions and policies should be evaluated on the basis of the benefits and costs they will impose on society. A utilitarian would argue that Roche was respecting the Chinese laws by first testing the drugs on Chinese patients. One could argueRead MoreDrug Testing Should Not Be Banned1285 Words   |  6 PagesDebate over drug testing students in school is very controversial. Drug testing students gives the school administration the power to drug test random students at any time. Various schools across the country have implemented these tests. Parents have very different views on this topic. Some believe that this gives the administration too much power. They also believe that these tests infringe on students rights. Other people believe that these tests are very helpful in decreasing the amount of studentsRead MoreWritten Analysis : Law And Ethics1659 Words   |  7 PagesWritten Analysis – Law and Ethics Since we were kids and became conscious of our surrounding, our parents and grandparents instilled in us an awareness of what is right and wrong. In other words, it is a trait of all human beings and fosters from our desire to get along with each other to live a harmonious life. Laws are a set of rules and behaviors set by governments that society illustrate on what people can or cannot do. The purpose of this paper is three-fold: it will identify and define whatRead MoreShould Marijuana Be Legalized?1613 Words   |  7 Pagesaddress the legality of employers discharging employees based on the violation of drug-free workplace policies by using marijuana. As of 2016, twenty-eight states and the District of Columbia have enacted laws that legalize marijuana in some form (Rubin, 2016). Despite the fact that various state governments have legalized the use of marijuana, when it comes to federal law, it remains illegal. This has created discrepancies regarding drug-free workplace polici es that mimic the federal policy enacted byRead MoreEthical Issues in Hiring1019 Words   |  5 Pagesalways adhere to the laws that are written to protect the applicants. The manager must put all biases aside and hire the right person with the right qualities for the position. While this is not a difficult task, many make it difficult. If an applicant is in a protected group, such as that of a minority or an applicant over 50 and the individual is not hired, the individual could file a discrimination lawsuit against the business. It must be noted that the business did not reject the applicant

Sunday, May 10, 2020

Gangs and Drugs - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 1045 Downloads: 3 Date added: 2019/04/03 Category Society Essay Level High school Tags: Drugs Essay Gang Violence Essay Did you like this example? Introduction Drugs and gangs are one in the same. The drug and gang issue have been closely linked, and many gang affiliates are tangled with the use or sale of illegal drugs The concerns of gangs and drugs are both tremendously significant to todays law enforcement. Law enforcement today, have come up with different approaches to lessen the gang and drug problem. This research paper will look at the history of gangs and drugs and the policing methods of gangs and drugs. The History of Gangs Characteristics Gangs have been in the United States for a long time. In an article by Edward Flores, The History of Street Gangs in the United States: Their Origins and Transformations (2016) he introduces a Historical Model of Street Gang Emergence and Transformation. In the first phase of the model he talks about how gangs emerged from three conditions that is related to large-scale international migration: concentrated poverty, residential instability, and co-ethnic segregation. In the second phase, it is portrayed by weakened social control, family, and neighborhood. In phase three of the model it is named by youth gangs and subculture (Flores, 2016). Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Gangs and Drugs" essay for you Create order In the book chapter, Gangs and Drugs: Threats to Our National Security by Hess et al. (2015), it talks about the most discernable qualities of gangs. Those attributes incorporate criminal action, leadership, organization, location identification, utilization of images, and a name. Research demonstrates that most gang individuals as of now were carrying out violations before they joined a gang, however their misconduct rates increment significantly subsequent to joining a gang. Albeit numerous gangs are approximately organized, some are formally sorted out. One basic authoritative component is age, with numerous gangs ordinarily having two to four age divisions. In some gangs initiative is greatly characterized and might be one of three sorts: collective, key personally, and chain of command. Normally, gangs stake out a geographic region, or turf, as their area. Gangs symbols are normal. Apparel, hand signs, spray painting, and tattoos are altogether utilized emblematic portrayals of a persons association with an explicit gang. Gang names shift from creative to clear. They ordinarily allude to areas, creatures, eminence, disobedience, pioneers, or a blend of these components (Hess et al., 2015). The History of Drug Use Different Drugs In the book chapter, Gangs and Drugs: Threats to Our National Security by Hess et al. (2015), it talks about American historys utilization of drugs. As the early pioneers moved west, one of the principal structures in every town was a saloon. In the 1880s, cocaine use was very common. Toward the start of the twentieth century, cocaine was the drug to use, said to fix everything from acid reflux to toothaches. It was added to flavor a soda pop, for example, Coca-Cola. A presidential commission answered to President Theodore Roosevelt that cocaine was a risk, prompting loss of occupations and lives in 1909. As general society turned out to be progressively mindful of the dangers presented by cocaine and different drugs, it squeezed for enactment against utilization of such drugs. In 1937 under President Franklin D. Roosevelt, cannabis turned into the last drug to be prohibited. The use of drugs was not an issue for 25 years. The United States turned into the most drug swarmed country on the planet, with marijuana driving the way. Today, vast or little, urban or rustic, communities all through America go up against a significant number of similar dangers, with one of the greatest dangers being unlawful drug misuse (Hess et al., 2015). The five noteworthy drugs as of now are cocaine, heroin, marijuana, methamphetamine, and MDMA (Ecstasy). Cocaine is a focal sensory system stimulant opiate from the South American coca shrub. Cocaine might be breathed in or injected. Heroin is a focal sensory system depressant that alleviates pain and initiates rest. Most heroin begins from opium poppy farms in southwest Asia, southeast Asia, and Latin America. Moreover, marijuana is very likely the most socially acknowledged unlawful drug, legislation decreasing punishments for its utilization has every now and again been proposed. Methamphetamine, or meth, is otherwise called speed, ice, and crystal, and, similar to, cocaine is a powerful focal sensory system stimulant. Meth represents a noteworthy issue for law enforcement. MDMA or Ecstasy is a manufactured, psychoactive drug with both stimulant and stimulating properties that make sentiments of passionate closeness to other people and separate any personal correspondence boundaries that may exist (Hess et al., 2015). Policing Gangs Drugs Truly, the police reaction to gangs and gang-related issues has been to dole out duty regarding control to existing units, for example, juvenile bureaus, community relations, crime prevention, patrol, and investigations. In the article, Police Response to Gangs: A Multi-Site Study by Charles M. Katz and Vincent J. Webb (2003), discusses the formation of police gang units and how it has been one part in the national reaction to the gang issue. To comprehend the police reaction to the gang issue, one should initially comprehend the improvements that have formed and defended the move toward suppression-oriented techniques. To begin with, policymakers never again trust that the social intervention methods of the 1970s are effective in managing gang issues. Social intervention took numerous structures, all dependent on the suspicion that gang participation was the side-effect of a socially denied community, and that the qualities and standards of gang youth could be changed by re-situating the adolescents frames of mind, qualities, and desires toward standard society (Katz Webb, 2003). The article, The Police and Drugs by Mark H. Moore and Mark A.R. Kleiman (1989), discourses drug threats to policing and the most viciousness related with street-level drug dealing. The most violence related with street-level drug dealing includes youth gangs and spills into the overall population, drug use undermines well-being, economic prosperity, and social obligation of drug users, drug trafficking compromises the thoughtfulness of city life and undermines child rearing. Objectives of drug enforcement: diminish the gang brutality related with drug trafficking and prevent powerful organized criminal groups from rising, control the street wrongdoings carried out by drug users, enhance the well-being and economic and social prosperity of drug users, reestablish the personal satisfaction in urban communities by closure of street-level drug dealing, help keep kids from trying different things with drugs, and secure the respectability of criminal justice organizations (Moore Kleiman, 1989).

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Event Industry Free Essays

Tutor: Peter Haigh Event Industry Arsalan khan 21146310 Tutor: Peter Haigh Event Industry Arsalan khan 21146310 Critically discuss the negative and the positive impacts of the London Olympic Games from the perspective of all stakeholders, including the local community, the sponsors, the guests, the organisers, the volunteers and paid workers? Author: Arsalan Khan Module code: TH40009E Tutor: Peter HAIGH Module name: Event Industry Critically discuss the negative and the positive impacts of the London Olympic Games from the perspective of all stakeholders, including the local community, the sponsors, the guests, the organisers, the volunteers and paid workers? Author: Arsalan Khan Module code: TH40009E Tutor: Peter HAIGH Module name: Event Industry This essay will look and discuss the negative and the positive impact of the London Olympics from the perspective of the stakeholders as well as keeping the local community, sponsors, guests, organisers and workers in mind. The main stakeholders of the London Olympics are: * Customers * Athletes * Residences of Greater London * Sponsors * Tourists * Local business small/ medium sized * Large national businesses * International Business * Local councils of London * Mayor of London * Transport * Infrastructure * Emergency services * * Government Olympic bodies * DCMS * BOA * LOCOG * IOC * NOC * The Legacy company * Other part-taking countries * Economy Financial institutes Olympic Games are going to have a huge impact on London and the surrounding cities there are going to be an extra 4 million visitors this year, this will not only effect all areas and business but will push the infrastructure of London to its limits. It will require unprecedented planning measures and the input of several different government and intelligence agencies to ensure a safe and successful Olympics takes place. We will write a custom essay sample on Event Industry or any similar topic only for you Order Now Throughout London all employees will be stretched and may be preforming tasks which they may not originally been employed to do but as the Olympics come closer there will be an increase in demand for manpower in businesses as everyone prepares for the mega event of the year. Already many firms have cancelled leave during the Olympic times. Already emergency services are under criticism as they fail to meet the required manpower number s and alternative measures are being put in place for example the fire service is no longer providing full ire brigades instead smaller response unites will be deployed around the Olympics sites. Local council will be ideated with demands form their residences and special permits for business and licences, this will stretch the councils workers across the board, many workers may be working overtime to meet the demand of the busy period. This will be a turning point for the councils as this will increase businesses in the area and employers will pay busi ness rates, local councils in most areas of London will be finically better off. Most communities are involved as it comes to the run up to the Olympics and the legacy company is ensuring they stay involved after the games are over, when the host city was chosen and the work commenced communities and businesses at the east of London suffered months and months of carnage and when the games are finished they will be able to enjoy the faculties left behind. There are many negative points of the Olympics such as overcrowding, major risk due to political instability in other countries residents may feel they are at risk of attack from exterior sources. Mass funding will flood in to London from overseas business and the boom in the tourism industry this will encourage the well needed economic growth, employment will rise to its highest levels and drop back down after the Olympic games. The Olympic Games will encourage new and younger athletes to take part in the sports and carry on the games legacy. Bibliography Tassiopoulos, D (2010). Event Management. 3rd ed. Republic of South Africa: Print Communications. 186-248. How to cite Event Industry, Essay examples

Wednesday, April 29, 2020

Workable Plan to Improve Emotional Intelligence at Work Place Essay Example

Workable Plan to Improve Emotional Intelligence at Work Place Essay Workable Plan to Improve Emotional Intelligence at Work Place Emotional Intelligence is one of the topics that gain popularity in business discussion nowadays. To understand what Emotional Intelligence is and how it may help to build a better personality and better worker, this paper is to discuss about to two main competencies of Emotional Intelligence. The first one is the Personal Competencies and the other is Social Competencies. By understanding these competencies, employees gain the knowledge of how to create a better workplace not just for those individuals, but for others around them, as well. Emotional Intelligence refers to the capacity for recognizing our own feelings and those of others, for motivating ourselves, and for managing emotions well in ourselves and our relationships† (Daniel Goleman, 1998). As stated by Dr. Goleman, Emitional Intelligence basically is how we, as human being, are able to control and manage our own feelings, emotions and from there, we can motivate ourselves and others around us. It is the way for us to recognize, learn and improve our way of life mentally and intelligently. Personal Competencies include two major factors, they are Self-Awareness and Self-Management. Self-Awareness is the ability to read our own emotions and recognize their impact as we sometimes refer to it as â€Å"gut feelings† to make decisions. Self-Awareness also involves the accurate self-assessment – knowing our own strengths and weaknesses. We also need to have self-confidence, a measure of ourselves of what we are worth and our capabilities. One of the elements of the emotional intelligence self-awareness is the self-control as Lisa Nicole describes in her book (Divine Inspirations) and the article â€Å"Control that Temper! suggests that we need to know our limitations and learn how to self-control, through recognizing when we are about to lose our control and learn how to control our temper, we will slowly be a happier and ‘life well-lived’ person. (Nicole, 2009) Self-Control: we know we need it, but when temptations and frustrations are looming, we struggle to exert it. This week, I want to share some new perspectives with you on self-cont rol and inspire you to exercise more self-control in your life. We will write a custom essay sample on Workable Plan to Improve Emotional Intelligence at Work Place specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Workable Plan to Improve Emotional Intelligence at Work Place specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Workable Plan to Improve Emotional Intelligence at Work Place specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer When we think of the need for self-control, we often think of issues with anger and overindulgence. These areas certainly require attention, but lets dig deeper. Do you find yourself angry when people criticize you? Do you get defensive and then decide to seek revenge on people who may attack or wrong you? As inspired people, we have to remember that the only taste of success some people will ever have is when they take a bite out of us! Revenge weakens us because we cannot harbor resentment and negative energy and make progress at the same time. When we carry the burdens of anger and the need to control other people, we put on a 50 lb backpack that slows us down as we run the race of life. When criticized or attacked, you have 2 choices: strike back or allow your work to speak for itself and leave vindication in Gods hands. Because Gods ways are so much bigger and better than ours, we often plot schemes that are illogical and unfair, not realizing that God is just and will serve any punishment that is due. We separate ourselves from Him when we engage in combative and malicious behavior. The best revenge is a life well-lived. You may be thinking, Well that sounds nice, but some people really get on my nerves! And to that I reply, This is why self-control is necessary. Its the people and situations that irritate us the most that serve as measuring sticks of our commitment to self-control and excellence. Remember that your life is about being a builder, not a destructor. Outstanding people throughout history have faced violent opposition from jealous, envious, unwise people. Dont let a lack of self-control dissipate your energy and take your eyes off the prize. You are living an inspired life there is no time for petty disputes and time-sapping resentment. Youve got to be the amazing, self-controlled being God created you to be so that others will be blessed. Live well and prosper! Self-Management is the ability to recognize our own strength and weakness as well as how to best manage it to our advantages. The one person that served as an example of this is Bill Gates, founder of Microsoft once said â€Å"Unlike some students, I loved college. However, I felt the window of opportunity to start a software company might not open again†. It is a prime example of self-awareness and self-management that guide or facilitate reaching goals as well as the initiative of readiness to act on opportunities. Because of his self-awareness of his abilities and the opportunity, he later becomes a richest man on earth. The other competency of the Emotional Intelligence is the Social Competencies. Social Competencies include the two main components which are Social Awareness and Relationship Management which this gentleman – Jack Welch, the CEO of General Electric who has known to spend half of his time on people development. He is a CEO of one of the largest company in the orld, but he knows the names and positions of over 1,000 people in his company (Dattner, )– that is how he builds the relationship to his people. What can inspire you more when the CEO sees you in the elevator and greets you with your name and asking you about your work! â€Å"he does knows me† that is the question most people in GE express in surprise and ecstatic. So†¦ with all the good things about the Emotional Intelligence we just learned, what can we do to â€Å"boost† our EI? First, we need to prepare by doing our own assessments of our current emotional intelligence, evaluate it and to see whether we are using it or not. If yes, how much do we apply it to our daily life/work? Second, we observe how we interact with each others. Do we interact with â€Å"emotional intelligence† or we just â€Å"re-act† to situation. Third, we deliver. We start to apply Emotional Intelligence into our day-to-day at work and at home. Then, record. At the least, do the mental recording of how many times we apply the Emotional Intelligence into our conversation, to our behaviors, etc†¦ and pay attentions to if this changes the interactions and behaviors of the other parties. Finally, go back and reassess of what is working and what is not and go back again†¦. With time, it will become more nature and you will see the results. By learning Emotional Intelligence and understanding how to apply it to our skills, we can build a stronger personality because we are aware of what we feel as well as others, we have more confident in our ability and therefore, we work better in a team – team player – because we have the ability to create relationship with others, thus, increase team performances. References Dattner, B. (). Succeeding with Emotional Intelligence. Retrieved August 1st, 2009, from http://www. dattnerconsulting. com/presentations/ei. pdf Nicole, L. (2009, July 17, 2009). Control that Temper!. Retrieved August 1st, 2009, from http://ezinearticles. com/? Control-That-Temper! id=2626596

Friday, March 20, 2020

The challenger disaster essays

The challenger disaster essays There were many great and significant events that happened while the United States was under the rule of Ronald Reagan. One of the major events also had to do with the United States evolvement in going to The moon and beyond as President Jonathan Fitzgerald Kennedy had stated. We (The United States) had already made it far in that vision by visiting the moon and stunning the world with being the first country to land on another Planet. Along with that came the adventure to put people into space for various science experiments or just for no reason at all besides the reason of needing to know if NASA could put another person into space and get them back to earth successfully. On January 28, 1986 America was shocked by the destruction of the space shuttle Challenger, and the death of its seven crew members. (www.Fas.org) The United States finally had an accident entering space that involved people. Through this paper you will see how this unfortunate accident had an impact on th e American way and how our president at the time handled this situation. The Crew consisted of seven people. The were Francis R. Scobee, Michael J. Smith, Judith A. Resnik, Ronald E. McNair, Ellison S. Onizuka, Gregary B. Jarvis, Christa McAuliffe. They all had a great impact with their death. All of these men and women had great importance with NASA and were considered great astronauts. Yet with all those people there was one person who was to have the greatest impact on America as we know it. In 1978 Scobee entered NASA's astronaut corps and was the pilot of STS-41-C, the fifth orbital flight of the Challenger spacecraft, launching from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on April 6, 1984. During this seven-day mission the crew successfully retrieved and repaired the ailing Solar Maximum Satellite and returned it to orbit. This was an enormously important mission, because it demonstrated the capability that NASA had long said...

Wednesday, March 4, 2020

Margaret Thatcher, British Prime Minister 1979â€1990

Margaret Thatcher, British Prime Minister 1979–1990 Margaret Thatcher (October 13, 1925 - April 8, 2013) was  the  first woman prime minister  of the United Kingdom and the first European woman to serve as a prime minister. She  was a radical conservative, known for dismantling nationalized industries and social services, weakening union power. She was also the first  incumbent prime minister in the UK removed on a vote of their own party.  She was an  ally of US Presidents Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush.  Before becoming prime minister, she was a politician at lower levels and a research chemist. Roots Born Margaret Hilda Roberts to a solidly middle-class family- neither rich nor poor- in the small town of Grantham, noted for manufacturing railroad equipment. Margarets father Alfred Roberts was a grocer and her mother Beatrice a homemaker and dressmaker. Alfred Roberts had left school to support his family. Margaret had one sibling, an older sister Muriel, born in 1921. The family lived in a 3-story brick building, with the grocery on the first floor. The girls worked in the store, and the parents took separate vacations so that the store could always be open. Alfred Roberts was also a local leader: a lay Methodist preacher, a member of the Rotary Club, an alderman, and the towns mayor. Margarets parents had been liberals who, between the two world wars, voted conservative. Grantham, an industrial city, experienced heavy bombing during World War II. Margaret attended Grantham Girls School, where she focused on science and math. By age 13, she already had expressed her goal of becoming a member of Parliament. From 1943 to 1947, Margaret attended Somerville College, Oxford, where she received her degree in chemistry. She taught during summers to supplement her partial scholarship. She was also active in conservative political circles at Oxford; from 1946 to 1947, she was the president of the University Conservative Association. Winston Churchill was her hero. Early Political and Personal Life After college, she went to work as a research chemist, working for two different companies in the developing plastics industry. She stayed involved in politics, going to the Conservative Party Conference in 1948 representing Oxford graduates. In 1950 and 1951, she unsuccessfully stood for election to represent Dartford in North Kent, running as a Tory for a safe Labour seat. As a very young woman running for office, she received media attention for these campaigns. During this time, she met Denis Thatcher, a director of his familys paint company. Denis came from more wealth and power than Margaret had; he had also been briefly married during World War II before divorcing. Margaret and Denis were married on December 13, 1951. Margaret studied law from 1951 to 1954, specializing in tax law. She later wrote that she was inspired by a 1952 article, Wake Up, Women, to pursue a full life with both family and a career. In 1953, she took the Bar Finals, and gave birth to twins, Mark and Carol, six weeks prematurely, in August. From 1954 to 1961, Margaret Thatcher was in private law practice as a barrister, specializing in tax and patent law. From 1955 to 1958, she tried, unsuccessfully, several times to be selected as a Tory candidate for MP. Member of Parliament In 1959, Margaret Thatcher was elected to a rather safe seat in Parliament, becoming the Conservative MP for Finchley, a suburb north of London. With Finchleys large Jewish population, Margaret Thatcher developed a long-term association with conservative Jews and support for Israel. She was one of 25 women in the House of Commons, but she received more attention than most because she was the youngest. Her childhood dream of becoming an MP was achieved. Margaret put her children in boarding school. From 1961 to 1964, having left her private law practice, Margaret took the minor office in Harold Macmillans government of Joint Parliamentary Secretary for the Ministry of Pensions and National Insurance. In 1965, her husband Denis became the director of an oil company which had taken over his familys business. In 1967, opposition leader Edward Heath made Margaret Thatcher the oppositions spokesperson on energy policy. In 1970, the Heath government was elected, and thus the Conservatives were in power. Margaret served from 1970 to 1974 as the Secretary of State for Education and Science, earning by her policies the description in one newspaper of the most unpopular woman in Britain. She abolished free milk in school for those over age seven, and was called for this Ma Thatcher, Milk Snatcher. She supported funding for primary education but promoted private funding for secondary and university education. Also in 1970, Thatcher became the privy councilor and co-chair of the Womens National Commission. Though unwilling to call herself a feminist or associate with the growing feminist movement, or credit feminism with her success, she supported womens economic role. In 1973, Britain joined the European Economic Community, an issue about which Margaret Thatcher would have much to say during her political career. In 1974, Thatcher also became the Tory spokesperson on the environment and took a staff position with the Centre for Policy Studies, promoting monetarism, Milton Friedmans economic approach, as contrasted with the Keynesian economic philosophy. In 1974, the Conservatives were defeated, with the Heath government in increasing conflict with Britains strong unions. Conservative Party Leader In the wake of Heaths defeat, Margaret Thatcher challenged him for leadership of the party. She won 130 votes on the first ballot to Heaths 119, and Heath then withdrew, with Thatcher winning the position on the second ballot. Denis Thatcher retired in 1975, supporting his wifes political career. Her daughter Carol studied law, became a journalist in Australia in 1977; her son Mark studied accounting but failed to qualify in the exams; he became something of a playboy and took up automobile racing. In 1976, a speech by Margaret Thatcher warning of the aim of the Soviet Union for world domination earned Margaret the sobriquet the Iron Lady, given to her by the Soviets. Her radically conservative economic ideas earned the name for the first time, that same year, of Thatcherism. In 1979, Thatcher spoke against immigration to the Commonwealth  countries as a threat to their culture. She was known, more and more, for her direct and confrontational style of politics. The winter of 1978 to 1979 was known in Britain as the Winter of Their Discontent. Many union strikes and conflicts combined with the effects of harsh winter storms to weaken confidence in the Labour government. In early 1979, the conservatives won a narrow victory. Margaret Thatcher, Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher became prime minister of the United Kingdom on May 4, 1979. She was not only the UKs first woman prime minister, but she was also the first woman prime minister in Europe. She brought in her radical right-wing economic policies, Thatcherism, plus her confrontational style and personal frugality. During her time in office, she continued to prepare breakfast and dinner for her husband, and even to do grocery shopping. She refused part of her salary. Her political platform was that of limiting government and public spending, letting market forces control the economy. She was a monetarist, a follower of Milton Friedmans economic theories, and saw her role as eliminating socialism from Britain. She also supported reduced taxes and public spending, and the deregulation of industry. She planned to privatize Britains many government-owned industries and to end government subsidies to others. She wanted legislation to seriously restrict union power and abolish tariffs except to non-European countries. She took office in the middle of a worldwide economic recession; the result of her policies in that context was serious economic disruption. Bankruptcies and mortgage foreclosures increased, unemployment increased and industrial production fell considerably. Terrorism around Northern Irelands status continued. A 1980 steelworkers strike disrupted the economy further. Thatcher refused to allow Britain to join the EECs European Monetary System. North Sea windfall receipts for off-shore oil helped lessen the economic effects. In 1981 Britain had its highest unemployment since 1931: 3.1 to 3.5 million. One effect was the rise in social welfare payments, making it impossible for Thatcher to cut taxes as much as shed planned. There were riots in some cities. In the 1981 Brixton riots, police misconduct was exposed, further polarizing the nation. In 1982, those industries still nationalized were forced to borrow and thus had to raise prices. Margaret Thatchers popularity was very low. Even within her own party, her popularity waned. In 1981 she began replacing more traditional conservatives with members of her own more radical circle. She began to develop a close relationship with the new USA president, Ronald Reagan, whose administration supported many of the same economic policies hers did. And then, in 1982, Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands, perhaps encouraged by the effects of military cutbacks under Thatcher. Margaret Thatcher sent 8,000 military personnel to fight a much larger number of Argentinians; her win of the Falklands War restored her to popularity. The press also covered the 1982 disappearance of Thatchers son, Mark, in the Sahara Desert during an automobile rally. He and his crew were found four days later, considerably off course. Re-election With the Labour Party still deeply divided, Margaret Thatcher won re-election in 1983 with 43% of the vote for her party, including a 101 seat majority. (In 1979 the margin had been 44 seats.) Thatcher continued her policies, and unemployment continued at over 3 million. The crime rate and prison populations grew, and foreclosures continued. Financial corruption, including by many banks, was exposed. Manufacturing continued to decline. Thatchers government attempted to reduce the power of local councils, which had been the means of delivery of many social services. As part of this effort, the Greater London Council was abolished. In 1984, Thatcher first met with Soviet reform leader Gorbachev. He may have been drawn to meet with her because her close relationship with President Reagan made her an attractive ally. Thatcher that same year survived an assassination attempt when the IRA bombed a hotel where a Conservative Party conference was held. Her stiff upper lip in responding calmly and quickly added to her popularity and image. In 1984 and 1985, Thatchers confrontation with the coal miners union led to a year-long strike which the union eventually lost. Thatcher used strikes in 1984 through 1988 as reasons to further restrict union power. In 1986, the European Union was created. Banking was affected by European Union rules, as German banks funded the East German economic rescue and revival. Thatcher began to pull Britain back from European unity. Thatchers defense minister Michael Heseltine resigned over her position. In 1987, with unemployment at 11%, Thatcher won a third term as prime minister- the first twentieth century UK prime minister to do so. This was a much less clear win, with 40% fewer Conservative seats in Parliament. Thatchers response was to become even more radical. Privatization of nationalized industries provided a short-term gain for the treasury, as the stock was sold to the public. Similar short-term gains were realized by selling state-owned housing to occupants, transforming many to private owners. A 1988 attempt to establish a poll tax was highly controversial, even within the Conservative Party. This was a flat rate tax, also called the community charge, with every citizen paying the same amount, with some rebates for the poor. The flat rate tax would replace property taxes which were based on the value of property owned. Local councils were given the power to levy the poll tax; Thatcher hoped that popular opinion would force these rates to be lower, and end Labour Party domination of the councils. Demonstrations against the poll tax in London and elsewhere sometimes turned violent. In 1989, Thatcher led a major overhaul of the finances of the National Health Service and accepted that Britain would be part of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism. She continued to try to fight inflation through high interest rates, despite continued problems with high unemployment. A worldwide economic downturn aggravated economic problems for Britain. Conflict within the Conservative Party increased. Thatcher was not grooming a successor, though in 1990 she had become the prime minister with the longest continuous term in the UKs history since the early 19th century. By that time, not a single other cabinet member from 1979, when she was first elected, was still serving. Several, including Geoffrey Howe, the partys deputy leader, resigned in 1989 and 1990 over her policies. In November of 1990, Margaret Thatchers position as head of the party was challenged by Michael Heseltine, and thus a vote was called. Others joined the challenge. When Thatcher saw that she had failed on the first ballot, though none of her challengers won, she resigned as party head. John Major, who had been a Thatcherite, was elected in her place as prime minister. Margaret Thatcher had been prime minister for 11 years and 209 days. After Downing Street The month after Thatchers defeat, Queen Elizabeth II, with whom Thatcher had met weekly during her time as prime minister, appointed Thatcher a member of the exclusive Order of Merit, replacing the recently deceased Laurence Olivier. She granted Denis Thatcher a hereditary baronetcy, the last such title granted to anyone outside the royal family. Margaret Thatcher founded the Thatcher Foundation to continue to work for her radically conservative economic vision. She continued to travel and lecture, both within Britain and internationally. A regular theme was her criticism of the European Unions centralized power. Mark, one of the Thatcher twins, married in 1987. His wife was an heiress from Dallas, Texas. In 1989, the birth of Marks first child made Margaret Thatcher a grandmother. His daughter was born in 1993. In March 1991, US President George H. W. Bush awarded Margaret Thatcher the US Medal of Freedom. In 1992, Margaret Thatcher announced she would no longer run for her seat in Finchley. That year, she was made a life peer as Baroness Thatcher of Kesteven, and thus served in the House of Lords. Margaret Thatcher worked on her memoirs in retirement. In 1993 she published The Downing Street Years 1979-1990 to tell her own story about her years as prime minister. In 1995, she published The Path to Power, to detail her own early life and early political career, before becoming prime minister. Both books were best-sellers. Carol Thatcher published a biography of her father, Denis Thatcher, in 1996. In 1998 Margaret and Denis son Mark was involved in scandals involving loan sharking in South Africa and US tax evasion. In 2002, Margaret Thatcher had several small strokes and gave up her lecture tours. She also published that year another book: Statecraft: Strategies for a Changing World. Denis Thatcher survived a heart-bypass operation in early 2003, seeming to make a full recovery. Later that year, he was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer and died on June 26. Mark Thatcher inherited his fathers title and became known as Sir Mark Thatcher. In 2004 Mark was arrested in South Africa for attempting to assist in a coup in Equatorial Guinea. As a result of his guilty plea, he was given a large fine and suspended the sentence, and permitted to move in with his mother in London. Mark was unable to move to the United States where his wife and children moved after Marks arrest. Mark and his wife divorced in 2005 and both remarried others in 2008. Carol Thatcher, a freelance contributor to the BBC One program since 2005, lost that job in 2009 when she referred to an aboriginal tennis player as a golliwog, and refused to apologize for use of what was taken as a racial term. Carols 2008 book about her mother, A Swim-on Part in the Goldfish Bowl: A Memoir, dealt with Margaret Thatchers growing dementia. Thatcher was unable to attend a 2010 birthday party for her, organized by Prime Minister David Cameron, the wedding of Prince William to Catherine Middleton in 2011, or a ceremony unveiling a statue of Ronald Reagan outside the American Embassy later in 2011. When Sarah Palin told the press that she would visit Margaret Thatcher on a trip to London, Palin was advised that such a visit would not be possible. On July 31, 2011, Thatchers office in the House of Lords was closed, according to her son, Sir Mark Thatcher. She died on April 8, 2013, after suffering another stroke. The 2016 Brexit vote was described as a throwback to the Thatcher years. Prime Minister Theresa May, the second woman to serve as British prime minister, claimed inspiration by Thatcher but was seen as less committed to free markets and corporate power. In 2017, a German far-right leader claimed Thatcher as his role model. Background Father: Alfred Roberts, grocer, active in local community and politicsMother: Beatrice Ethel Stephenson RobertsSister: Muriel (born 1921) Education Huntingtower Road Primary SchoolKesteven and Grantham Girls SchoolSomerville College, Oxford Husband and Children Husband: Denis Thatcher, wealthy industrialist - married December 13, 1951Children: twins, born August 1953Mark ThatcherCarol Thatcher Bibliography Thatcher, Margaret.  The Downing Street Years.  1993.Thatcher, Margaret.  The Path to Power.  1995.Thatcher, Margaret.  The Collected Speeches of Margaret Thatcher. Robin Harris, editor. 1998.Thatcher, Margaret.  Statecraft: Strategies for a Changing World.  2002.Thatcher, Carol.  A Swim-on Part in the Goldfish Bowl: A Memoir.  2008.Hughes, Libby.  Madam Prime Minister: A Biography of Margaret Thatcher.  2000.Ogden, Chris.  Maggie: An Intimate Portrait of a Woman in Power.  1990.Seldon, Anthony.  Britain Under Thatcher. 1999.Webster, Wendy.  Not a Man to Match Her: The Marketing of a Prime Minister.

Monday, February 17, 2020

Market analysis for Childrens Parties Services in the UK Essay

Market analysis for Childrens Parties Services in the UK - Essay Example This paper illustrates that a family business works with creating children parties making it stress-free for her parents. At these parties, everything that the client feel is necessary is provided. These include party suppliers, cakes, children’s costumes, and entertainers. Daisy entertainments market is wide and deals with all kinds of organization and communities dealing with children. Whether it is a large corporate or community with special needs, daisy entertainment crew is capable of adapting its services to suit the client's needs of the children. The team, which forms Daisy Entertainers, is energetic, in-house talented fun loving, loves children hence reliable and enthusiastic. Daisy's entertainment has a unique and simple party planning known as a party in a box. Party in a box includes everything the client requires for their child’s party as suggested by Daisy entertainments. These include filled party bags, napkins, invitations, table covers foil, cups, plat es, banners, party hats and latex balloons. However, all these facilities depend on customer’s choice and are delivered to the door anywhere in the UK. There are also various children themes from which entertainment programs are chosen. They include Disney princess, Hannah Montana, Spiderman, and the Night Garden. Daisy’s entertainers provide a wide scope of entertainment activities such as puppets, face painting, balloon modeling, magic, plate spinning among other. This organization can over a variety of things ranging from fun and lively children entertainers to catering services, birthday cakes, decorations, themed goody bags and set up services. The party is usually planned within the client’s requirements and budget. Children character entertainer; all types of children character entertainers are available at Daisy's entertainment and it is upon the client to make choice. They include games, magic, music, and puppets. The charges for character entertainers are  £195 for every two hours of fun.